Cambridge IELTS 1 – 14 Academic & General Training Student's Book with Answers with Audio. Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS series (1. Content of the book The book contains four complete sample IELTS tests, each IELTS test: Academic Module General Training Module for students seeking entry Section 1 • short answer questions There will be between 38 Social survival. Free Download Cambridge IELTS 1 - 12 With PDF, Audio, And All Answers for each test makes the book ideal for the purposes of self-study students. Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS 1 contains four complete practice.
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Download IELTS Cambridge Practice Tests series 1 – 13 with PDF, Audio CD and Answers without any download problem. It contains complete four IELTS. This ultimate IELTS study guide focuses on the language and skills you need to them; THREE official Cambridge IELTS Reading practice tests with answers Official IELTS Practice Materials Volumes 1 & 2 These pocket-sized books focus on mistakes students make in the IELTS test and show you how to avoid them. Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS 1 Self-study Student's Book by Clare McDowell, IELTS Practice Tests: Cambridge IELTS 10 Student's Book with Answers.
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Jakeman V., McDowell C. Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS 1
Product details Series: Cambridge University Press August 13, Language: English ISBN Tell the Publisher! I'd like to read this book on site Don't have a site? Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a customer review. Showing of 4 reviews. Top Reviews Most recent Top Reviews. download B1 NOW. Grammar is presented through listening material, so your listening skills develop while you study.
download NOW. download Advanced NOW. These pocket-sized revision guides include essential advice for each part of the test plus an interactive practice test. All Practice tests Study guide Extra practice Go. It includes: Video download now. However, Ariane Berthoin a doubling of the number of women Antal, director of the International serving as non-executive directors Institute for Organisational Change of compared with the previous year.
Archamps in France, said that there is However, progress remains painfully only anecdotal evidence of changes in slow and there were still only 18 posts recruitment patterns. State which paragraph discusses each of the points below. Write the appropriate letter A-G in boxes on your answer sheet. B 14 The drawbacks of current company restructuring patterns. Questions The author makes reference to three consultants in the Reading Passage.
Which of the list of points below do these consultants make? Population viability analysis Part A To make political decisions about the extent and type of forestry in a region it is important to understand the consequences of those decisions. One tool for assessing the impact of forestry on the ecosystem is population viability analysis PVA. This is a tool for predicting the probability that a species will become extinct in a particular region over a specific period.
A species becomes extinct when the last individual dies. This observation is a useful starting point for any discussion of extinction as it highlights the role of luck and chance in the extinction process. To make a prediction about extinction we need to understand the processes that can contribute to it and these fall into four broad categories which are discussed below. Part B A Early attempts to predict population viability were based on demographic uncertainty Whether an individual survives from one year to the next will largely be a matter of chance.
Some pairs may produce several young in a single year while others may produce none in that same year. Small populations will fluctuate enormously because of the random nature of birth and death and these chance fluctuations can cause species extinctions even if, on average, the population size should increase.
Taking only this uncertainty of ability to reproduce into account, extinction is unlikely if the number of individuals in a population is above about 50 and the population is growing. B Small populations cannot avoid a certain amount of inbreeding. This is particularly true if there is a very small number of one sex. For example, if there are only 20 individuals of a species and only one is a male, all future individuals in the species must be descended from that one male.
For most animal species such individuals are less likely to survive and reproduce. Inbreeding increases the chance of extinction. Without genetic variability a species lacks the capacity to evolve and cannot adapt to changes in its environment or to new predators and new diseases. The loss of genetic diversity associated with reductions in population size will contribute to the likelihood of extinction. D Recent research has shown that other factors need to be considered.
These fluctuations add yet another degree of uncertainty to the survival of many species. Catastrophes such as fire, flood, drought or epidemic may reduce population sizes to a small fraction of their average level.
When allowance is made for these two additional elements of uncertainty the population size necessary to be confident of persistence for a few hundred years may increase to several thousand. Part C Beside these processes we need to bear in mind the distribution of a population.
A species that occurs in five isolated places each containing 20 individuals will not have the same probability of extinction as a species with a single population of individuals in a single locality.
Where logging occurs that is, the cutting down of forests for timber forest- dependent creatures in that area will be forced to leave. Ground-dwelling herbivores may return within a decade.
However, arboreal marsupials that is animals which live in trees may not recover to pre-logging densities for over a century. As more forests are logged, animal population sizes will be reduced further. Regardless of the theory or model that we choose, a reduction in population size decreases the genetic diversity of a population and increases the probability of extinction because of any or all of the processes listed above.
It is therefore a scientific fact that increasing the area that is loaded in any region will increase the probability that forest-dependent animals will become extinct. In boxes on your answer sheet write YES if the statement agrees with the writer NO if the statement contradicts the writer NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this Example Answer A link exist between the consequences of decisions and the decision making process itself.
YES 28 Scientists are interested in the effect of forestry on native animals. In paragraphs A to D the author describes four processes which may contribute to the extinction of a species.
Match the list of processes i-vi to the paragraphs. Write the appropriate number i-vi in boxes on your answer sheet. NB There are more processes than paragraphs so you will not use all of them. While the population of a species may be on the increase, there is always a chance that small isolated groups Survival of a species depends on a balance between the size of a population and its The likelihood that animals which live in forests will become extinct is increased when Question 39 Choose the appropriate letter A-D and write it in box 39 on your answer sheet.
Chorleywood is a village near London whose population has increased steadily since the middle of the nineteenth century.
IELTS Actual Test Reading & Listening
The map below shows the development of the village. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the development of the village. The idea of having a single career is becoming an old fashioned one. The new fashion mil be to have several careers or ways of earning money and further education will be something that continues throughout life. You are thinking of joining the exursion. Your examiner is one of the organisers.
Provide the following information according to local facts: First, read the text below and answer Questions Do not use this more than five successive times. E Suits etc.
It is possible to use this iron in a vertical position so that you can remove creases from A Filling the reservoir clothes on coathangers or from curtains. Your iron is designed to function using tap Turning the thermostat control and the steam water. However, it will last longer if you use button to maximum, hold the iron in a vertical distilled water. Hold down the pressing button for reservoir. B Temperature and steam control Important: Hold the iron at a sufficient distance from silk and wool to avoid all risk of Your Moulex iron has two buttons which scorching Do not attempt to remove creases control the intensity of heat produced by the from an item of clothing that is being worn, iron.
You can, therefore, adjust the always use a coathanger. Any This button activates a jet of cold water which calcium deposits will be washed out by the allows you to iron out any unintentional steam. Continue the procedure until the creases. Press the button for one second. Write the correct letter A-F in boxes on your answer sheet. Seat Allocation Requests for particular seats can be made on most coach breaks when booking, but since allocations are made on a first come first served basis, early booking is advisable.
When bookings are made with us you will be offered the best seats that are available on the coach at that time. Travel Documents When you have paid your deposit we will send to you all the necessary documents and labels, so that you receive them in good time before the coach break departure date. Certain documents, for example air or boat tickets, may have to be retained and your driver or courier will then issue them to you at the relevant point.
Special Diets If you require a special diet you must inform us at the time of booking with a copy of the diet. This will be notified to the hotel or hotels on your coach break, but on certain coach breaks the hotels used are tourist class and whilst offering value for money within the price range, they may not have the full facilities to cope with special diets.
Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS 1 Self-study Student's Book
Any extra costs incurred must be paid to the hotel by yourself before departure from the hotel. Accommodation Many of our coach breaks now include, within the price, accommodation with private facilities, and this will be indicated on the coach break page.
On any coach break there are only a limited number of single rooms. When a single room is available it may be subject to a supplementary charge and this will be shown on the brochure page.
Entertainment Some of our hotels arrange additional entertainment which could include music, dancing, film shows, etc. The nature and frequency of the entertainment presented is at the discretion of the hotel and therefore not guaranteed and could be withdrawn if there is a lack of demand or insufficient numbers in the hotel.
B arrive early on the departure date. C book your seat well in advance. D avoid travelling at peak times. B must be collected before leaving. C will be enclosed with other documents. D may be held by your coach driver. B pay extra with the booking. C tell the coach company.
D book tourist class. B boat tickets. C additional luggage. D entertainment. B if there is the demand. C upon request. D for an additional cost. B take hand luggage on the coach. C use your own personal bathroom.
D see a film if you want to. Questions Look at the article Clubs for Students. Which club would you contact for each of the requirements below?
You may use each letter more than once. The first one has been done for you as an example. Example Answer You wish to go swimming at 7am every morning. G 15 You would like to take Spanish classes.
Quarterly to meet others with similar interests from the magazine, literary lectures, annual music and same or from different national backgrounds. Further information from Open to overseas visitors and students. Facilities include an squash, exercise to music, circuit training, information and advice service regarding sports clinic, fitness testing and other education, work placement and general activities.
Moreover the centre holds a Hours weekdays Membership fees: IVC is an activities and social club with a varied range of events, from cycling and C Kensington Committee of drama to windsurfing and yoga.
Most Friendship for Overseas Students members are young English professionals, but KCOF is the society for young people from all overseas visitors are welcome. The club countries. Each month there are some 40 arranges restaurant meals, dancing and parties, discos, visits to theatres, concerts, parties, weekends away around Britain, plus a walks and other gatherings where you will be weekly club night in a Covent Garden bar. Events members.
To find out more, telephone the are free or at low often reduced prices. Office club or write Freepost to the office. Open days per year, this is a club with No membership fee. Coffee shop open for all facilities in London and Edinburgh with meals swimming pool open Example Answer Answer The club is for overseas students only.
Useful tip: One of the key features of the student nurses and au pairs. Advice Service is that the Adviser can Membership costs are kept to an be seen during the evenings until absolute minimum to enable the about 8 pm, Monday to Thursday.
Membership Unable to get home for Christmas? It has: International Students House!
We need to accept a sustainable resource: Unlike the change in the quality of paper prod- minerals and oil used to make plastics ucts; for example stationery may be and metals, trees are replaceable. Paper is also biodegradable, so it There also needs to be support from does not pose as much threat to the the community for waste paper collec- environment when it is discarded. Not only do we need to While 45 out of every tonnes of make the paper available to collectors wood fibre used to make paper in but it also needs to be separated into Australia comes from waste paper, the different types and sorted from con- rest comes directly from virgin fibre taminants such as staples, paperclips, from forests and plantations.
By world string and other miscellaneous items. Governments have and some paper products cannot be encouraged waste paper collection collected for re-use.
These include and sorting schemes and at the same paper in the form of books and perma- time, the paper industry has re- nent records, photographic paper and sponded by developing new recycling paper which is badly contaminated. The paper allowed a higher recycled content in manufacturer pays a price for the newsprint and writing paper. To paper and may also incur the collection achieve the benefits of cost. Before the recycled sorted by hand by people trained to fibres can be made into paper they recognise various types of paper.
This must be refined or treated in such a is necessary because some types of way that they bond together. The sorted some virgin fibre as well as recycled paper then has to be repulped or mixed fibres and unlike glass, paper cannot with water and broken down into its be recycled indefinitely.
Most paper is individual fibres. This mixture is called down-cycled which means that a prod- stock and may contain a wide variety of uct made from recycled paper is of an contaminating materials, particularly if it inferior quality to the original paper. Various machin- saves some of the energy, labour and ery is used to remove other materials capital that goes into producing virgin from the stock.
After passing through pulp. However, recycling requires the the repulping process, the fibres from use of fossil fuel, a non-renewable printed waste paper are grey in colour energy source, to collect the waste because the printing ink has soaked paper from the community and to into the individual fibres.
This recycled process it to produce new paper. And material can only be used in products the recycling process still creates where the grey colour does not matter, emissions which require treatment such as cardboard boxes but if the grey before they can be disposed of safely. This involves adding important economical and environmen- chemicals such as caustic soda or tal practice but one which must be other alkalis, soaps and detergents, carried out in a rational and viable water-hardening agents such as cal- manner for it to be useful to both indus- cium chloride, frothing agents and try and the community.
The paper industry has contributed positively and people have also been encouraged by One major difficulty is the removal of ink from used paper but However, we need to learn to accept paper which is generally of a lower Questions Look at paragraphs C, D, and E and, using the information in the passage, complete the flow chart below. Waste paper collected from: Paper converters and printers Households and You have had a bank account for a few years.
You know that this information is incorrect. Write a letter to the bank. Explain what has happened and say what you would like them to do about it.
You do NOT need to write your own address. Begin your letter as follows: As part of a class assigment you have to write about the following topic: We are becoming increasingly dependent on computers. They are used in business, hospitals, crime detection and even to fly planes. What things will they be used in the future? Is this dependence on computers a good thing or should we be more suspicious of their benefits?
Good evening, City Police Station. Can I help you? Example R: Repeat P: Lost property.
Oh, yes. Mmm … and how does it close? Fine … Was it locked? Never mind. Any distinguishing features? Any marks or badges on it that make it stand out? Only the brand name. I did it recently putting it on my bike. Right, got that. So, what did you have inside the briefcase? Well all my papers from college. Where exactly did you lose the briefcase?
I was standing on the platform … it was right next to me. You were holding it? And what time was this? Ah … it was … it must have been about 5. What name is it? Can you spell that? And your address? Flat 2, 41, Fountain Road, Canterbury. Fountain Road.
Yes, number And have you got a contact telephone number? One last question — what would you say the value of Q9 your briefcase is? Including the contents? Yes, Just a rough estimate is fine. The contents are worth about 20 or 25 pounds at Q10 least.
OK, thanks. And first the headlines: And in Sydney a group of school children are successfully rescued from a plane which Q11 landed in the sea shortly after take-off. Transport workers are on strike in Melbourne over a pay claim and the strike looks set to spread to other states.
Farmers are to receive financial assistance to help see them through the worst drought in over 50 years. A group of school children who were travelling in a privately chartered Q17 aeroplane from Sydney to Queensland to take part in a musical concert found themselves swimming for the shore when their aeroplane had to land in the sea just three minutes after taking off from Sydney airport.
The pilot managed to Q18 bring the aircraft and its 50 passengers down safely in the calm waters of Botany Bay where boats and pleasurecraft were able to come to the rescue of the boys. Q19 The fact that it was a weekend meant that there were hundreds of boats in the bay enjoying the good weather and this undoubtedly helped the rescue operation.
However, all their Q21 musical instruments were lost and they never got to play at their concert.
Hello can I come in? Oh yes, come in. How can I help you? I was looking for the Economics office. Is this the right place? Yes this is the School of Economics. Oh good. Well I might be able to help. I lecture on that program. What do you need to Know? Quite a few things, actually. Firstly, how many lectures a week do I have to Attend? Ah, well, the Economics I course is a double unit so there are two lectures a week and one tutorial. The lectures are scheduled for Tuesday and Thursday.
What time? Let me see … You know this information is all in the handout which you Q22 should have received yesterday at the orientation meeting. Oh, was there a meeting yesterday? Yes, there was, but never mind. Now lectures are at four m the afternoon. Do they enforce that rule? Yes, we do. And what times have been set down for the tutorials — do you have that Information? Yours will be allocated at Q24 the first lecture.
Maybe, maybe not.. Q25 Dr. Roberts is his name. Oh, OK. Well, yes, actually. Do you know what the course requirements are? I mean, how much work is expected for this course? Well, you have to complete a tutorial paper.
What does that involve? Q26 M: How long does that have to be? Oh, about 25 minutes usually. I have to talk for 25 minutes? And then you have to write up your piece of work and give Q27 it to the lecturer to be marked. And is that all? You also have to complete a 3, word essay on a topic. Can I choose the topic? Yes, usually you can. Q28 M: And in addition to that there is an exam. An exam! What sort of exam? Q29 M: Does that mean I can have the text book with me during the exam?
And can you give me any idea about the content of the first year of Economics so that I can get into some reading? All the books are in the library. Well, yes, they might. But most of the important ones are held in Closed Q30 Reserve What did you call that section of the library? Closed Reserve. However, we do recommend that you download the core books. Yes, I suppose I will. But what is the focus of the course? So my chances of getting a job are good?
Well, provided you get good results. Well look thanks for your time. See you next week then. Good morning and welcome to the University of Westlands. Here on this campus we also have the faculties of Architecture, Law and Science and Technology among others. At the top of the faculty we have a dean and below the dean we have three Q33 divisions; each division has a divisional head and your degree is located in the Division of Social Sciences.
Within each of the divisions, there are the departments and each of these offers the different degrees. For instance two of the departments which offer the major subjects for your award are Sociology and Psychology. Each has a departmental head but for practical purposes the people you are going to see the most of are myself as co-ordinator of the social sciences degree and the actual lecturers who are teaching the subjects that you are taking. These seem to be the two most common problems that Q36 students face.
A lecture is about an hour long and a tutorial usually runs for about two hours. A lecture is rather like what I am doing now where one person will talk to all of you together on a subject. We do ask you to try to attend the lectures. A tutorial is perhaps where most of the learning occurs at a university.
Other factors to be particularly concerned about are the structure of essays and delivery of written material and in particular I would like to mention the question of plagiarism. Of course all essays are based on research done by other people but you must remember to attribute the work to the Q39 original writer. Last but not least, stay in touch with us. Come and talk to us about it.
Right, global thank you very much for coming along today. Hi there, Kate. Come on in. How are you today? Fine thanks. Hi, Luki. Good idea. Could you tell us something about your first impressions of the town when you arrived? Yeah well first of all I was struck by how quiet it is here in the evening Example Repeat C: Yes, I suppose Cambridge is a quiet place.
Where did you live when you first arrived? Well, I went straight into student accommodation; it was a kind of student Q1 hostel. No, but sometimes I wished I had! The food at the hostel was awful. Oh dear. But how were the other students? Well, what about the actual course? Ah, right, and how are you finding that? They all seem to be Q4 incredibly busy. Could anything be done to improve the course in your opinion? Well … I think it would be helpful to have meetings with lecturers on the Q5 course.
Say once a fortnight — something like that.
Cambridge IELTS 5 with Answers
Regular meetings. Yes that could certainly help. Luki, Where are you from? I am from Indonesia. And how did you find Cambridge when you first arrived? Well, I like it here. I think the city is very beautiful.
What about your accommodation? Was that OK? Yes, OK. At first I stayed with a family for three months.
They were very Q6 kind to me but they had three young children and I found it difficult to Q7 study C: Right, I see. So after three months I moved out and now I live with two other students in a student house. Good, and what about your studies? What are you studying?
I see. Um, apart from the language difficulties, if you can separate them, how have you found the course? OK, but … C: Yes, go on. Well, the main difficulty for me is getting time on the computers in the computer room. Can you reserve time in the computer room? Q10 C: A simple enough exercise, you might imagine, but there are lots of things to look out for to make sure you get the best deal for your money.
Well, the range of bicycles is enormous — there are racing bikes, touring bikes, mountain bikes or just plain ordinary bikes for riding round town. They vary Q11 enormously in two basic ways: This means that the choice you Q12 make will probably be determined by the amount of money you want to pay, your own personal needs, what is actually available or a compromise of all three things. Single speed cycles — that is bikes with no gears, are really only suited to short, casual rides.
Their attraction is their simplicity and reliability. After years of Q14 neglect they still manage to function, though not always too efficiently. Three speed cycles on the other hand are all that is really necessary for most town riding, going to the shops and things like that.
Like the single speed bike Q15 they are simple and reliable. Q18 Now the next thing we need to look at is size.Registration number This is a tool for predicting the probability that a species will become extinct in a particular region over a specific period. C tell the coach company. So the travel agent could easily become a thing of the past if you could book your airline tickets from home. Yeah, OK, well … T: Flat 2 A B C D 5 What time was it when she lost her briefcase?
An Answer Key to the test is provided. Send the link to my email id.
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